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WATCH
AND
LISTEN
under 10 minutes
Global Warming's Six Americas
Anthony Leiserowitz
In this eloquent short video, the director of the Yale Forum on Climate Change & The Media explains the basic (and very important) results of this on-going public survey project tracking American attitudes about and knowledge of climate change.
(6 minutes, 2011)

longer
Climate Solutions Centre
Organized primarily by James Byrne of Lethbridge University, but with many partners and contributors, this site offers videos of all the talks from the excellent June 2013 AGU Chapman Conference on Communicating Climate Science (mostly 20 minutes long), as well as a collection of short films on various topics, including solutions, intended for classroom use.
(lengths vary, June 2013)

Heated Words? How We Talk About Climate Change
Martin Carcasson, Department of Communication Studies, Colorado State University
In what ways do people discuss climate change? What are some traps that our politicians, experts, and advocates may fall into? This short clip includes different ways that we talk about climate change, some of the problems, and ways to move forward.
(18 minutes, February 2009)

How We Talk About Climate Change: What Works, What Doesn't, and What Might Work
Jes Thompson, Department of Human Dimensions of Natural Resources, Colorado State University
This video offers ten key strategies for effective communication on this tricky topic, in the context of a discussion of how the conversation developed between 2004 and 2009.
(23 minutes, February 2009)

Communicating Climate Change
Robert Henson, writer for National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) / University Center for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), author of the Rough Guide to Climate Change
A clear and engaging look at goals and methods: translating the science (slides 42-62), convincing those inclined to skepticism (63-67), instilling concern (68-79), and motivating people to act (80-90). Henson describes where we are now in communicating about global warming and looks down the road ahead of us.
(58 minutes, April 2008)


READ
articles & essays
FOCUS on Misinformation and Denial
There's a lot of false information around, a good part of which is spread intentionally by people who want to confuse the rest of us. Here are sources for those who want to clarify their own knowledge‒or help others do the same.

Communication: Start Here
Changing Climates @ CSU / 100 Views of Climate Change
An annotated list of excellent sources for getting started with the topic of climate change communication. Designed to print out as a single double-sided sheet.

Climate Change is Everybody's Business. So How Do You Talk to Everybody?
Changing Climates @ CSU / 100 Views of Climate Change
This concise tip sheet summarizes six key communication principles, a few particulars for the topic of climate change, and a brief guide to a few of the resources listed on this website. Designed to print out as a single double-sided sheet, with room for hole-punching. For another brief tip sheet about writing more accessible prose, see For Clearer, More Inviting Writing.

Why Doesn't Anyone Know How to Talk About Global Warming?
Natasha Geiling, Smithsonian.com, May 2014
An excellent discussion of a very wide range of complications related to effective communication on this topic, along with ideas about solutions. Lots of good links to the key literature.

Climate Change Meets Hollywood
Lorena Galliot, The Daily Climate, April 2014
An interesting piece about how the makers of the Showtime climate change series
Years of Living Dangerously structured their story for maximum impact on their viewers. Some of their decisions, tactics, and skills can be equally useful in other venues. Written by an associate producer on the team.

Breaking the Climate Fear Taboo: Why Feelings Matter for Our Climate Change Communications
Renee Lertzman, Sightline Daily, March 2014
Lertzman has focused her research on climate change communication and psychology, and this short, efficient blog post offers a set of four categories with which we think about engagement with the topic. One of them, the one having to do with feelings, we tend to neglect, to our loss. Here she offers five guidelines for allowing people to have their feelings without fear of judgment.

The Id and the Eco
Rosemary Randall, Aeon, December 2012
"Thinking about climate change makes people feel helpless and anxious‒but that's why we must talk about it openly": so psychotherapist Randall explains in this terrific article. Rich in insights about human emotions as they interfere with our ability to deal well with climate change, and some good ideas about what we might do to face and cope with these emotions.

The Frog and the Polar Bear and Climate Change for Sale
Tony Davis, Grist.org, December 2011
If you're new to the topic of climate change communication, start here, with this good, quick overview of reasons Americans might not be concerned enough about climate change and some ideas about how to counter this disconnect.

The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science
Chris Mooney, Mother Jones, May/June 2011
This is an excellent introduction to "motivated reasoning," one major source of the difficulty of communicating about climate change (and other tricky, polarized topics). Mooney's last words: "Paradoxically, you don't lead with the facts in order to convince. You lead with the values-so as to give the facts a fighting chance."

The Psychology of Climate Change Communication
The Center for Research on Environmental Decisions (CRED), Columbia University, 2009
The best efficient guide available for sound advice about better ways to communicate about climate change, especially with the general public and decision makers from government and business. Culling research findings from psychology, anthropology, economics, history, environmental science and policy, and climate science, this text's principles and examples are clear, practical, and interesting. The principal sections are "Know Your Audience," "Get Your Audience's Attention," "Translate Scientific Data into Concrete Experience," "Beware the Overuse of Emotional Appeals," "Address Scientific and Climate Uncertainties," "Tap into Social Identities and Affiliations," "Encourage Group Participation," and "Make Behavior Change Easier." The report is well worth reading in its entirety, but there's also a useful summary, "The Principles of Climate Change Communication in Brief."

Global Warming's Six Americas
Prepared by the Yale Project on Climate Change and George Mason University's Center for Climate Change Communication, this important series of downloadable surveys analyses the American public's "climate change beliefs, attitudes, risk perceptions, motivations, values, policy preferences, behaviors, and underlying barriers to action." The comprehensive landmark study from 2009 finds six groups: the Alarmed, Concerned, Cautious, Disengaged, and Doubtful. Newer studies include annual updates and a wide range of more specific surveys focusing on such topics as race and ethnicity, public health, what teens know about climate change, and the connections between opinions on this topic and political affiliations.

Writing an Effective Letter to the Editor
The Union of Concerned Scientists offers useful, succinct tips and explains why such letters are important, even if they don't get published.

Communicating the Science of Climate Change
Richard Somerville and Susan Joy Hassol, Physics Today, October 2011
A leading climate scientist and science communicator summarize the urgency of improving the communication between climate scientists and the public and then offer several key tips for that improvement.
For a pithy version of key tips, see Hassol's Improving How Scientists Communicate Climate Change, which was published in EOS.

websites
ClimateAccess.org
This website offers an excellent one-stop-shopping "resource hub" focusing on "essential research, news articles, and commentary on climate change communications, behavior change, and public opinion." (It includes other elements, too, but these are central.) Significant parts of the site are public; for others, you need to apply as part of an organization working in this field. Run by the Resource Innovation Group's Social Capital Project, the Rutgers Initiative on Climate and Society, and the Stonehouse Standing Circle, the website features two mottoes: "The network for those engaging the public in the transformation to low-carbon, resilient communities" and "SHARING WHAT WORKS."

CarbonVisuals
With the goal of helping us all "see the invisible," this group and site develop and offer still and animated "images of carbon emissions, air pollution, water use, waste and more." A useful resource for anyone who has trouble really grasping such things as what one day's carbon emissions might look like.


TEACH
classes
Covering Climate Change
Tom Yulsman, the Poynter Institute News University
This free, online, self-directed course offers to "non-expert reporters and citizen journalists a firm grounding in the science and policy underlying climate change." Estimated time to complete: 4 hours.

Writing about the Environment: Climate Change
SueEllen Campbell, Department of English, Colorado State University
This semester-long graduate course is taught by Dr. SueEllen Campbell, Department of English, Colorado State University. It focuses on writing clearly about climate change in a number of different genres, including editorials, science writing for general readers, and personal essay.

resources
"Without Evidence, There Is No Answer": Uncertainty and Scientific Ethos in the Silent Spring[s] of Rachel Carson
Kenny Walker, Environmental Humanities, Spring 2013
We have seen that emphasizing doubt can confuse the public and paralyze policy. But sometimes, this article argues, a strategic rhetorical use of scientific uncertainty can work in the other direction, to articulate risk, involve the public in the conversation, and move policy forward. Though Walker's topic is chemical pesticides, the potential analogies to climate change are obvious.

George Mason University, Center for Climate Change Communication
This center uses "social science research methods‒experiments, surveys, in-depth interviews and other methods‒to find ways of effectively engaging the public and policy makers in the problem, and in considering and enacting solutions." The website offers resources such as annotations for new journal articles from the academic literature, links to relevant blogs, and the center's own reports, including their 2011 "Climate Change in the American Mind Series," their work with meteorologists and public health officials, and the Six Americas series (on which they collaborate with the Yale Project on Climate Change Communication).

Creating a Climate for Change: Communicating Climate Change and Facilitating Social Change
Eds. Susanne Moser and Lisa Dilling. Cambridge University Press, 2007, 534 pp. plus index.
This essential collection offers 32 essays on a wide range of topics connected to the subtitle, including but reaching far beyond key basic tips for effective communication. Among the distinguished writers are a cultural anthropologist, an Anglican priest, ethicist/philosophers, policy makers and analysts, educators, journalists, scientists, planners, psychologists, sociologists, and directors of various climate change centers. A little academic in style, but not hard to read; the editors' wrap-up essay at the end of the volume is a good place to begin.